As Israel reeled from a deadly attack by Hamas terrorists, who broke through barriers around Gaza and roamed at will, killing scores of civilians in Israeli towns, defense chiefs faced growing questions over how the disaster could have happened.
A day after the 50th anniversary of the start of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, when Israeli forces were caught off guard by Syrian and Egyptian tank columns, the military appeared once again to have been surprised by a sudden attack.
"It looks quite similar to what happened at that time," said retired General Giora Eiland, a former head of Israel's National Security Council. "As we can see it, Israel was completely surprised, by a very well-coordinated attack," he told a briefing with reporters.
In this video, the commentator reads the words from a former IDF member: “I served in the IDF 25 years ago in the intelligence forces.. there’s no way, in my view, that Israel did not know what’s coming…Something is very wrong here”
"This was an intelligence failure; it could not be otherwise," said Jonathan Panikoff, US government's former deputy national intelligence officer on the Middle East, who is now at the Atlantic Council think tank.
"It was a security failure, undermining what was thought to be an aggressive and successful layered approach toward Gaza by Israel," he said.
For Israelis, images of dead bodies lying in the streets or groups of civilians being driven or marched into captivity in Gaza came as a profound shock.